As the Brookings Institution’s Bruce Katz and Jennifer Bradley observed in their book The Metropolitan Revolution, “The federal and state governments, at their core, establish laws and promulgate rules. In so doing, they reflect the curse of the twentieth century Weberian state: highly specialized, overly legalistic, prescriptive rather than permissive, process oriented rather than outcome directed.” Inherently, this hierarchical, bureaucratic environment is not conducive to innovation.
In documenting the expanding growth of cities in the US in the book ‘The Metropolitan Revolution’, Bruce Katz and Jennifer Bradley state that the metropolitan revolution was ignited by a spark that came as a consequence to the recent financial crisis and the great recession that shocked the Americans. Thus, emerged a new growth model and economic vision that stressed on providing cities with a much-enhanced ability to experiment and expand the horizons of their growth…The book said that cities and metropolitan areas are now becoming leaders in the nation. They are experimenting, taking risks, making hard choices, and asking forgiveness, not permission.
‘Philanthropists, endowments and foundations are often presented with lists of challenges in American cities — political barriers to growth, lack of economic diversity, immigration. But Bruce Katz and Jennifer Bradley carry the banner for cities that are getting it right. The Metropolitan Revolution highlights success stories from some of America’s most-populous areas and shows that big improvements can happen quickly when people are willing to make small changes.’